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102 Multiple choice questions

  1. tested only after careful evaluation of risk/benft ratio
  2. refers to attacks of severe shortness of breath and coughing that generally occur at night
  3. anaerobic power-endurance (200-400m dash)
  4. toward the midline of the body
  5. sideways S/C shape curve spine
  6. linear increase in SBP with increased exercise, DBP may decrease slightly
  7. faster than normal heart rate
  8. HDL >60mg/dl
  9. diarthrosis joint (ball+socket,pivot, saddle, hinge,plane, ellipsoidal)
  10. away from the midline of the body
  11. simple to perform
    good for research data
  12. recognizing signs/symptoms and injuries
    stop training session and refer to physician
  13. pain that occurs in a muscle with inadequate blood supply that is stressed by exercise
  14. theory that a Human being will attempt to follow the most rational course of action after taking all available variables into consideration, based on their own personal reasoning and perception
  15. aerobic endurance (beyond 800m run)
  16. S - specific goals - precise
    M - measurable goals - quantifiable
    A - attainable - indicate what needs to be done
    R - realistic - achievable goals
    T - timely - reasonable time
  17. located close to or on the body surface
  18. Abdomen
    Arm
    Buttocks/Hips
    Calf
    forearm
    hips/thigh
    mid-thigh
    waist
  19. front of the body; ventral
  20. muscle shortening
  21. both sides
  22. sustained power (sprint)
  23. close to any reference point
  24. Shortness of breath at rest or with mild exertion
  25. back of the body;dorsal
  26. model that considers the impact of and connections between individuals and their environments
  27. fatigue, predetermined end point, general indications
  28. freely movable joint
  29. Men >45
    Women >55
  30. theorizes that an individuals beliefs about whether or not she or he is susceptible to disease, and her or his perceptions of the benefits of trying to avoid it, influence her or his readiness to act if they
  31. MI, Coronary revascularization, sudden death before 55 yr in father or other male first-degree relative, or before 65 yr old in mother or other female first degree relative
  32. may cause BP to be hypotensive
  33. Assess compatibility, goals, scope, style, and schedule
    If compatible, exchange contact information and identify schedule preference --> provide service intro packet and schedule time for initial client consultation appt (client form). If notc compatible, refer to appropriate health and fitness professional
  34. proper body alignment and posture
  35. current cigarette smoker or those who quit within the previous 6 mo or exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
  36. cartilaginous that permits bone growth and typically fuse
  37. increased cell production in a normal tissue
  38. resting SBP and DBP may decrease; lower BP at fixed submaximal work rate
  39. area of supporting surface of an object such as the feet standing
  40. improve muscular strength and endurance
    improves aerobic enzyme systems
    increases in oxidative enzymes in type IIa and type IIb fibers
    promote oxygen delivery
  41. increases functional capacity and relief of CAD
    increase in aerobic capacity
    reduce myocardial demands at rest/exercise
    HR decreased at rest
    SBP/DBP decrease
  42. should not perform exercise tests until conditions are stabilized
  43. dizziness, prevent normal rise in cardiac output
  44. distal segment of joint deviates medially
  45. increase in muscular size
  46. on the same side
  47. Training client agreement - business expectations
    PAR-Q - physical activity readiness question form
  48. improvement in CV and respiratory function
    decreased risk from premature death
    increased health benefits
  49. SBP > 140 mmhg and/or DBP >90 mmhg
  50. consists of cartilage, periosteum, bone (osseous) tissue
  51. fairly accurate
    many pretest conditions need to be met
  52. HR
    BP
    Body Comp
    CV assessment
    Muscular Fitness
    Flexibility
  53. lying face down
  54. fasting glucose > 100mg/dl <125mg/dl
    imparied glucose tolerance > 140mg/dl - <199mg/dl
  55. simple technique (weight/height^2 [703])
    does not account for difference in weight composition
  56. ability to lean without changing base of support
  57. lying face up
  58. Precontemplation
    Contemplation
    Preparation
    Action
    Maintenance
  59. location of a theoretical point that can be used to represent the total weight of an object
  60. firbous joint found in teeth
  61. one side
  62. not participating in at least 30 min of moderate intensity physical activity on at least 3 days a week for at least 3 months
  63. no change in muscle length (squat hold)
  64. >3 high
    < or equal to - 2 moderate
    <2
  65. spine significantly inward in the lower back
  66. strength-power (golf swing, throwing)
  67. below the surface
  68. abdomen
    triceps
    biceps
    subscapular
    mid axillary
    chest
    medial calf
    thigh
    suprailliac
  69. highly regarded
    technician training important
    many sites SEE about 3-4%
  70. firbous joint interosses membrane between bones (radius/ulna, tibia/fibula)
  71. immoveable joint
  72. people do not learn new behaviors solely by trying them and either succeeding or failing, but rather, the survival of humanity is dependent upon the replication of the actions of others
  73. ability to maintain a position for a given period of time without moving
  74. slightly movable joint
  75. strong slightly movable joints (pubic symphysis)
  76. sign of heart failure or bilateral chronic venous insufficiency
  77. abnormal round upper back
  78. on the opposite side
  79. muscle lengthening
  80. allows HR, BP, and respiration rate to shift downward and back toward resting levels
  81. muscle maintains constant length, no joint change in joint position
  82. Warm-up 5-10 min low to mod intensity
    Conditioning 20-60 min of aerobic/resistance/neuromotor/sports activities
    Cool-down 5-10 min of low to mod intensity
    Flexibility at least 10 min of stretching after warm-up/cool-down
  83. muscle resistance throughout the range of motion by controlling speed of movement (leg extension)
  84. firbous joint found in the skull
  85. toward the head; higher (cephalic)
  86. Pain, discomfort in the chest, neck, jaw, arms, or other areas
  87. CV fitness-ability of circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity
    Muscular strength - ability of muscle to exert force
    Muscular endurance - ability of muscle to continue to perform without fatigue
    Body composition - relative amount of muscle/fat/bone parts of the body
    Flexibility - ROM around a joint
  88. LDL > 130mg/dl
    HDL< 40mg/dl
    or total > 200 mg/dl
  89. movement of a joint changes, muscle shortens
  90. scale used to gauge the level of soreness for the client
    3> reduce intensity or volume dramatically
    dehydration can cause muscle damage
  91. farther from any reference point
  92. upper/lower limbs + girdles
  93. Radial
    Brachial
    Carotid
  94. distal segment of joint deviates laterally
  95. wasting away or loss of muscle
  96. adaptations to muscle fibers, contractile proteins, aerobic enzyme systems, capillary supply, and nervous system
  97. intent is to prepare muscles and cardiorespiratory system for the upcoming workout
  98. muscle contraction which exerts constant tension (bicep curl)
  99. Skull
    Hyoid
    Vertebral column
    sternum
    ribs
  100. passive cool-down, physiological observations for 5 min, or until HR/BP stabilized
  101. BMI > 30kg.m
    waist girth >102cm for men
    waist girth > 88cm for women
  102. away from head; lower (caudal)