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109 True/False questions

  1. extensionlowering the shoulder girdle

          

  2. cartilaginousbones united by cartilage

          

  3. isotonic-eccentric contraction-muscle length extends

          

  4. ankle-supination/pronation
    -inversion/eversion
    -dorsiflexion/plantarflexion

          

  5. tibialis anteriortoward the front

          

  6. deepflexion/extension

          

  7. lateraltoward the midline of the body

          

  8. Diaphysisshaft

          

  9. lower trapeziusresponsible for shoulder girdle depression

          

  10. class 3 leveraway from the midline, closer to the side

          

  11. superficialcloser to a reference point

          

  12. upper trapeziusthe primary mover for shoulder girdle elevation

          

  13. medial deltoidthe antagonist partner of pectoralis major, shoulder horizontal abduction

          

  14. triceps brachialiselbow flexion

          

  15. Shoulder girdle-scapular protraction/retraction
    -scapular abduction/adduction
    -elevation/depression

          

  16. brachialiselbow flexion

          

  17. isotonic- concentric contractionmuscle length shortens

          

  18. quadricepsfurther from the surface of the body or part

          

  19. pivotelbow, knee

          

  20. inferiortoward the midline of the body

          

  21. flexionwrist

          

  22. cartilagebones united by cartilage

          

  23. tight erector spinae-increase in lumbar curve
    -lordosis
    -anterior pelvic tilt

          

  24. gluteus mediuship abduction, medial rotation

          

  25. pronationmedial rotation of the lateral digit

          

  26. lever systemsresponsible for shoulder girdle depression

          

  27. circumduction360 degree multiplanar movement

          

  28. saddle-supination/pronation
    -inversion/eversion
    -dorsiflexion/plantarflexion

          

  29. high risk stretchesthe opposing muscle of the quadriceps
    -flexes the knee

          

  30. external/internal obliquestrunk rotation, trunk flexion

          

  31. class 2 leverload in the middle
    -assists w/ power
    -visualize a wheelbarrow

          

  32. metaphysisin mature bone where growth plate is no longer

          

  33. hingeelbow, knee

          

  34. depressionslight internal rotation of the scapula toward the spine

          

  35. superiortoward the back

          

  36. lateral flexiondecrease in joint angle

          

  37. external/internal intercostalsribcage expansion/retraction

          

  38. horizontal shoulder adduction-scapular protraction/retraction
    -scapular abduction/adduction
    -elevation/depression

          

  39. contraindicated exercises for low back probs-leg press
    -spinal flexion (sit-ups)
    -bilateral straight leg exercises

          

  40. gastrocnemius/ soleusplantarflex the ankle

          

  41. elevationraising the shoulder girdle

          

  42. rectus abdominustrunk rotation

          

  43. supinationmedial rotation of the lateral digit

          

  44. posterior deltoidthe antagonist partner of pectoralis major, shoulder horizontal abduction

          

  45. isometric contractionno joint angle or muscle length changes

          

  46. epiphysislateral rotation

          

  47. IT Band (iliotibial band)divides the body or body part into right and left sections

          

  48. medialthumb

          

  49. adductor magnus(medial)
    -hip adduction

          

  50. hip abductorsabduct the hip (take away from body)
    -the lateral muscles that abduct the hip include the gluteus min and IT band

          

  51. neck-supination/pronation
    -inversion/eversion
    -dorsiflexion/plantarflexion

          

  52. weak erector spinae-increase in lumbar curve
    -lordosis
    -anterior pelvic tilt

          

  53. kneeflexion/extension

          

  54. iliopsoasconnective made with dense connective tissue

          

  55. pectoralis majorthe mid trapezius opposing muscle
    -protracts or slightly rotates the scapulas away from the spine

          

  56. kinesiologymost common joint, supported by capsule and ligaments

          

  57. pectoralis minoron the anterior side of the body
    -responsible for trunk flexion

          

  58. horizontal shoulder abductionmoving toward the midline

          

  59. pectoralis minor-on the posterior side of the body, extends the trunk

          

  60. distaltoward the midline of the body

          

  61. brachioradialiselbow flexion

          

  62. teres minor(part of the rotator cuff)
    -external rotation

          

  63. rhomboidsthe opposing muscle of the quadriceps
    -flexes the knee

          

  64. axial skeletal systemshoulder girdle, arms, wrists, hands, pelvic girdle, legs, ankles, feet

          

  65. epiphyseal plateshaft

          

  66. retractionslight external rotation of the scapula away from the spine

          

  67. abductionmoving away from the midline

          

  68. pectoralis majorhorizontal shoulder adduction

          

  69. proximalcloser to a reference point

          

  70. synovialfurther from a reference point

          

  71. frontal plane(coronal plan)
    -divides the body or body part into anterior and posterior sections

          

  72. gluteus maximusmedial rotation

          

  73. supraspinatus(part of the rotator cuff)
    -external rotation

          

  74. erector spinae(coronal plan)
    -divides the body or body part into anterior and posterior sections

          

  75. adductionraising the shoulder girdle

          

  76. fibrousconnective made with dense connective tissue

          

  77. subscapulariselbow flexion

          

  78. sagittal planedivides the body or body part into right and left sections

          

  79. skeletal system fxndivides the body or body part into right and left sections

          

  80. mid trapeziusresponsible for shoulder girdle depression

          

  81. hamstringswrist

          

  82. latissimus dorsiagonist for shoulder adduction

          

  83. hipm/l or i/e rotation
    -flexion/extension
    -circumduction

          

  84. class 1 levereffort in the middle
    -adv of ROM
    -biceps-focus on insertion
    -75% of our joints

          

  85. hip adductorsabduct the hip (take away from body)
    -the lateral muscles that abduct the hip include the gluteus min and IT band

          

  86. biceps brachiielbow flexion

          

  87. anterior deltoidtoward the front

          

  88. gluteus minimusmedial rotation

          

  89. piriformisneck (atlantoaxial)
    forearm (radialulnar)

          

  90. infraspinatus(part of the rotator cuff)
    -external rotation

          

  91. protractionslight external rotation of the scapula away from the spine

          

  92. transversus abdominuson the anterior side of the body
    -responsible for trunk flexion

          

  93. rectus abdominustrunk rotation

          

  94. appendicular skeletal systemshoulder girdle, arms, wrists, hands, pelvic girdle, legs, ankles, feet

          

  95. wrist-flexion/extension
    -abduction/adduction

          

  96. synovial joints-articulations of bone
    -3 types: fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
    -joint cavity, cartilage on articulations, capsule, lined by synovial membrane

          

  97. trunkr/l rotation
    -flexion/extension
    -lateral r/l flexion
    -circumduction

          

  98. glidingdecreases the joint angle

          

  99. anterioraway from the head, lower

          

  100. ball and socketwrist

          

  101. right/left internal and external obliquestrunk rotation, trunk flexion

          

  102. ellipsoidalflexes the hip when recruited

          

  103. elbow-flexion/ extension

          

  104. shouldertoward the head

          

  105. biceps brachialisprimary mover for elbow flexion

          

  106. posteriortoward the back

          

  107. Horizontal Plane(cross-sectional or Transverse Plane)
    -divides the body or body part into superior and inferior sections

          

  108. rotationhorizontal turning or pivoting

          

  109. forearmaway from the head, lower