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109 Multiple choice questions

  1. toward the head
  2. -leg press
    -spinal flexion (sit-ups)
    -bilateral straight leg exercises
  3. ends of bones
  4. (part of the rotator cuff)
    -medial rotation
  5. elbow flexion
  6. -articulations of bone
    -3 types: fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
    -joint cavity, cartilage on articulations, capsule, lined by synovial membrane
  7. -muscle length extends
  8. adduct the hip (bring the hip toward the body)
  9. plantarflex the ankle
  10. elbow, knee
  11. responsible for shoulder girdle depression
  12. away from the midline, closer to the side
  13. wrist
  14. slight internal rotation of the scapula toward the spine
  15. horizontal shoulder adduction
  16. movement occurs when energy is transformed into a micro-contraction in the sarcomere
    -contractions of the full muscle result in a pull on a tendon
    -tendons pull on the attachment on the bone
    -the body uses the mechanical advantage of leverage to assist w/ movement
    -lever systems use a fulcrum in addition to a load arm and an effort arm
  17. skull, spine, ribs, sternum
  18. muscle length shortens
  19. in mature bone where growth plate is no longer
  20. -spinal flexion
    -hurdler's stretch
    -neck circles
    -knee hyperflexion
    -yoga plow
  21. responsible for scapular retraction, the pulling of the scapulas toward the spine
  22. contracts to produce a hip extension
  23. shoulder flexion
  24. scapular retraction
  25. -decrease in lumbar curve
    -straight back
    -posterior pelvic tilt
  26. the antagonist partner of pectoralis major, shoulder horizontal abduction
  27. -on the posterior side of the body, extends the trunk
  28. -flexion/extension
  29. the biceps brachialis opposing muscle
    -elbow extension
  30. (coronal plan)
    -divides the body or body part into anterior and posterior sections
  31. fulcrum in the middle
    -assists w/ balance
    -represented by a seesaw
  32. (part of the rotator cuff)
    -external rotation
  33. effort in the middle
    -adv of ROM
    -biceps-focus on insertion
    -75% of our joints
  34. decreases the joint angle
  35. -supination/pronation
  36. closer to a reference point
  37. r/l rotation
    -lateral r/l flexion
  38. increase in the joint angle
  39. raising the shoulder girdle
  40. medial rotation of the lateral digit
  41. further from the surface of the body or part
  42. opposing muscle to the latissimus dorsi
    -the agonist for should abduction
  43. horizontal turning or pivoting
  44. elbow flexion
  45. thumb
  46. neck (atlantoaxial)
    forearm (radialulnar)
  47. (part of the rotator cuff)
    -initial abduction
  48. moving toward the midline
  49. toward the midline of the body
  50. scapular protraction
  51. wrist
  52. no joint angle or muscle length changes
  53. away from the head, lower
  54. shaft
  55. further from a reference point
  56. lateral rotation
  57. trunk flexion
  58. movement away from the midline in the horizontal plane
  59. lateral rotation of the lateral digit
  60. bones united by cartilage
  61. shoulder girdle, arms, wrists, hands, pelvic girdle, legs, ankles, feet
  62. slight external rotation of the scapula away from the spine
  63. most common joint, supported by capsule and ligaments
  64. -flexion/ extension
  65. flexion/extension
  66. -supination/pronation
  67. hip abduction
  68. (cross-sectional or Transverse Plane)
    -divides the body or body part into superior and inferior sections
  69. (part of the rotator cuff)
    -external rotation
  70. nearer the surface of the body or part
  71. moving away from the midline
  72. m/l or i/e rotation
    -horizontal ab/ adduction
  73. hip, shoulder
  74. trunk rotation
  75. -protection of soft tissues
    -resource reservoir
    -red blood cell construction
    -mechanical leverage
  76. elbow flexion
  77. responsible for knee extension
  78. medial rotation
  79. decrease in joint angle
  80. -r/l rotation
    -lateral r/l flexion
  81. -rotation of the trunk to either side is the resulting efforts of the internal and external obliques
  82. contracts and produces ankle dorsiflexion
  83. covers articulations, semi-rigid connective tissue that reduces friction
  84. primary mover for elbow flexion
  85. movement toward the midline in horizontal plane
  86. agonist for shoulder adduction
  87. the primary mover for shoulder girdle elevation
  88. responsible for shoulder horizontal adduction
  89. the mid trapezius opposing muscle
    -protracts or slightly rotates the scapulas away from the spine
  90. -increase in lumbar curve
    -anterior pelvic tilt
  91. toward the front
  92. divides the body or body part into right and left sections
  93. flexes the hip when recruited
  94. lowering the shoulder girdle
  95. on the anterior side of the body
    -responsible for trunk flexion
  96. hip abduction, medial rotation
  97. -scapular protraction/retraction
    -scapular abduction/adduction
  98. load in the middle
    -assists w/ power
    -visualize a wheelbarrow
  99. trunk rotation, trunk flexion
  100. the opposing muscle of the quadriceps
    -flexes the knee
  101. m/l or i/e rotation
  102. toward the back
  103. ribcage expansion/retraction
  104. connective made with dense connective tissue
  105. study of human movement
  106. (growth plate)
    -where long bones grow
  107. (medial)
    -hip adduction
  108. abduct the hip (take away from body)
    -the lateral muscles that abduct the hip include the gluteus min and IT band
  109. 360 degree multiplanar movement