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250 True/False questions

  1. Principle of Specificity of Training-reduces muscle tension
    -promotes relaxation
    -muscle contractions become easier/smoother
    -improves ease of movement

          

  2. pulmonary ventilationthe total amount of weight that is measured as fat tissue

          

  3. metabolic syndromefat deposited in the abdom. area is more highly correlated to heart disease

          

  4. anatomical sites of pulsesedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program

          

  5. BIOMECHANICSprinciples of physics related to energy and force as they apply to the human body

          

  6. ligamentsconnective tissue that connects bone to bone

          

  7. alcoholdehydrating-may impair exercise tolerance and increase risk of heart injury

          

  8. jointsmineral reservior, internal skeleton (levers)

          

  9. agonistmuscle responsible for producing joint movement
    ex. bicep during curl

          

  10. SPIESSocial: support systems
    Physical: physical/phyiological well-being
    Intellectual: Open to Learn
    Emotional:Coping Skills
    Spiritual:living in harmony

          

  11. major joint action for
    -pec major
    -post deltoid
    knee extension
    knee flexion

          

  12. Signals of heat exhaustionextension beyond normal degree of extension

          

  13. 2 types of hypertrophysarcoplasmic and myofibrillar

          

  14. Bones of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum...serves as the main axial support for the body

          

  15. testing preliminariesprevents system of allergic response

          

  16. ROTATIONturning the sole of the foot toward the midline

          

  17. RF Dyslipidemia Total Cholesterolgreater than 200 mg/dL

          

  18. caffinemay extend endurance in moderate aerobic exercise

          

  19. major joint action for
    -gluteus maximus
    -Ilopsoas
    Hip Extension
    Hip Flexion

          

  20. anti-arrhythmic-caused by mechanical stress and destruction of hyaline cartilage in the joints
    -many degrees of severity
    -degenerative arthritis

          

  21. lateral flexiondecrease in joint angle (spine side bend, love handles)

          

  22. social learning theorythe theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished.

          

  23. Risk stratifications (high)men/women w/ 1 or less CVD; can participate in moderate(40%-60%) and vigorous (>60% VO2R) exercise w/o prior medical testing

          

  24. beta-blockerreduces resting and exercise heart rate and blood pressure

          

  25. Kinesiologythe study of human movement

          

  26. skinfold bicepvertical
    1 cm above mark of tricep on belly of bicep

          

  27. Isokineticvariable force w. accommodating speed

          

  28. Commonly found abnormal curve in the frontal planeCarbo= 4; fats=9; protein=4; alcohol=7

          

  29. Blood Flowwhere two bones meet (fulcrum and axis)

          

  30. muscle endurancerefers to a muscle's ability to perform repeated contractions or hold static contractions

          

  31. supinewhere two bones meet (fulcrum and axis)

          

  32. VAKvisual learner:
    Auditory Learner
    Kinesthetic Learner

          

  33. Warm up ConsiderationsCarbs: 55%-60%
    Fat: 25%- 30%
    Protein: 10% - 15%
    6oz of grains (3oz of whole-grain), 2.5 cups veggies, 2 cups fruits, 3 cups milk

          

  34. RF Prediabetes fasting blood glucosegreater than or equal to 100 mg/dL up to 126

          

  35. major joint action for
    -gastrocnemius
    -tibialis anterior
    Hip Extension
    Hip Flexion

          

  36. isometric/static contractiontension is created within the muscle fiber, but the fiber change length and there is no change in joint angle F=R

          

  37. Direction of blood flowVertical fold
    maximum circumference of calf on the midline of medial border

          

  38. Synovial jointsSynovial joints allow for much more movement than cartilaginous joints. Cavaties between bones in synovial joints are filled with synovial fluid. This fluid helps lubricate and protect the bones. Bursa sacks contain the synovial fluid.

          

  39. Transtheoretical Model stages of changecarotid, brachial, radial, femoral

          

  40. Cardiac Outputthe amount of blood pumped from the heart in one minute

          

  41. hypoglycemicEnlargement of muscle

          

  42. benefits of flexibility training1. red, hot dry skin 2. rapid weak pulse, shallow breathing 3. changes in the level of consciousness 4. vomiting 5. body temp will be very high as high as 105

          

  43. bilateralfurther from the midline

          

  44. Bonesmineral reservior, internal skeleton (levers)

          

  45. skinfold chest/pecvertical fold
    2cm right of belly button

          

  46. regular physical activity can improve health and reduce health risks by...reduces...
    -cardiovascular disease
    -risk of stroke
    -reduces high blood pressure
    -risk of colon cancer, lowers
    -cholesterol/triglycerides,
    -depression/anxiety/stress

    Increases...
    -lipoproteins
    -self-esteem
    -healthy body

          

  47. STERNUMmidline of the chest

          

  48. vasodilatorvariable force w. accommodating speed

          

  49. antihistaminereduces angina/chest pain

          

  50. retraction/protractionMacrocycle: largest cycle
    Mesocycle: next largest (4 - 6 in yr)
    Microcycle: smallest cycles (1 - 4 wks)

    Linear v Non Linear
    Linear changes intensity every 4- 6 wks
    -hypertrophy (high vol,short rest)
    -Strength/power (reduced vol,increase load/rest)
    -Peaking (low vol/high load/rest)
    -Recovery (active rest)
    Non Linear changes every day within a 4- 6 wk period

          

  51. Dynamic StretchingStretching that involves moving the joints through their full range of motion to mimic a movement used in a sport or exercise to increase joint flexibility, core temp and circulation

          

  52. RF for cigarette smokingwithin 6 months

          

  53. obesityexcessivly high amounts of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass

          

  54. lean body massvertical fold
    2cm right of belly button

          

  55. Sarcomerefurther from the midline

          

  56. antagonistdecrease in the mass of the muscle;Muscle atrophy results from a co-morbidity of several common diseases, including cancer, AIDS, congestive heart failure, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), renal failure, starvation

          

  57. Pivot jointsPivot joints allow rotation arround an axis. The neck and forearms have pivot joints. In the neck the occipital bone spins over the top of the axis. In the forearms the radius and ulna twist arround each other.

          

  58. upper respiratory systemnose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx ...filters air

          

  59. anterior/posteriorfront/ back

          

  60. THREE CARDINAL BODY PLANESsagittal plane, frontal plane, transverse plane

          

  61. rheumatoidinflammation of synovial membrane, which then cause the body to initiate autoimmune response

          

  62. SUPERIOR (CRANIAL)above, toward the head

          

  63. Principle of Adaptation/Overload Training and Progression-stress management
    -MET capacity
    -increased resting metabolism
    -osteoporosis prevention/management
    -injury prevention/rehab

          

  64. informed consentlower than, toward the feet

          

  65. Right ventricleThe upper part of the heart that receives oxygen-depleted blood from the body via the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava and pumps it through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.

          

  66. 1RM tablea blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body
    Radial: thumb side of forearm
    Brachial: groove formed b/w tricep and bicep
    Carotid: anterior portion of the neck

          

  67. Periodizationa combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction

          

  68. fasciitismuscle fibers creating cross bridges while shortening in length against the pull of gravity F>R

          

  69. Heart rate reservelocated between the left atrium and left ventricle; prevents blood from flowing back into the LA after it has entered the LV

          

  70. 3 min step test12" step
    96 bpm
    locate radial pulse first
    client steps up up down down for 3 mins @ 96bpm with no talking
    check pulse within 5 secs after test

          

  71. anti-anginalopposing muscle to the prime mover

          

  72. Cardio adaptations-resting heart rate decreases by approx 10 - 15 bpm
    -SV increases both at rest and during exercise
    -Resting SBP/DBP may decrease (if prev elevated)

          

  73. HYPERLORDOSISslow twitch, slow oxidative and red twitch fibers (aerobic)

          

  74. LORDOSIS "secondary curves"curves of the cervical and lumbar region

          

  75. atrophyrotary force

          

  76. supination/ pronationrotational movement, results in the palm facing upward/downward

          

  77. Cool Down ConsiderationsShould include appropriate cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal activity

          

  78. unilateralone side

          

  79. A.O.M.Sdelayed onset muscle soreness;muscle discomfort 24-36 hr after exercise

          

  80. Negative Risk FactorEmpathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies

          

  81. high risk flexibilitystanding toe touches, barre streches, hurdler strech, neck circles, yoga plough, knee hyperflexion

          

  82. arteriolesinflammation of a joint
    -flex training recommended

          

  83. skinfold midaxillaryvertical fold
    Midaxillary line at the level of the xiphoid process of the sternum

          

  84. # of kilocalories in one gramthe disorder of self-induced starvation

          

  85. hypertrophyEnlargement of muscle

          

  86. rotator cuff musclesSITS
    Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor, Subscapularis

          

  87. exercise and pregnancy-Supine position should be avoided after 1st trimester
    -low/mod intensity
    -non-ballistic
    -proper clothing and hydration to prevent overheating

          

  88. Ball and socket jointA saddle joint allows movement back and forth and up and down, bot does not allow for rotation like a ball and socket joint.

          

  89. skinfold thighdiagonal fold
    half the distance b/w anterior axillary line and nipple (men)
    1/3rd the distance b/w anterior axillary line and nipple (women)

          

  90. muscle strengththe amount of force a muscle can exert in a single all-out effort (1 Rep Mas/1RM)

          

  91. ArrhythmiasAn arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart rate (pulse) or heart rhythm, such as beating too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly.

          

  92. active listeningEmpathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies

          

  93. Signals of heat strokelocated between the left atrium and left ventricle; prevents blood from flowing back into the LA after it has entered the LV

          

  94. bursitisexcessivly high amounts of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass

          

  95. VERTEBRAL COLUMN (SPINE)serves as the main axial support for the body

          

  96. anorexia nervosasedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program

          

  97. cartilagewhite fibrous tissue that cushions surfaces and prevents friction (cushions bones)

          

  98. RF for Obesitybody mass of greater then or equal to 30kg/m2; waist girthgreater than 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women

          

  99. RF for family historyhave aerobic and anaerobic capabilities and refered to as intermediate fibers, continuum fibers, fast oxidative glycolitic fibers

          

  100. Fibrous jointsSynovial joints allow for much more movement than cartilaginous joints. Cavaties between bones in synovial joints are filled with synovial fluid. This fluid helps lubricate and protect the bones. Bursa sacks contain the synovial fluid.

          

  101. mitral valveheart problem resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart

          

  102. Dietery Recommendationsincrease in joint angle

          

  103. Initial treatment for Musculoskeletal injury for the first 24-72 hrs(RICES) rest (prevents further injury, ice (reduces pain, swelling, and initiates inflammatory response) compression (reduces swelling and bleeding) elevation (controls edema and decreases blood flow) stabilization (assists in muscle relaxation, diminishing spasm

          

  104. major joint action for
    -biceps brachii
    -triceps brachii
    elbow flexion
    elbow extension

          

  105. Isotonic/dynamic contractionmuscle fibers change length and joint angles; Work= force x distance; can concentric or eccentric

          

  106. psychotropicaffects behavior

          

  107. negligencethe trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern

          

  108. the learning processcognitive phase:learn general skill concepts
    associative phase: practice and refine
    automatic phase: skill is developed and consistent

          

  109. Mitral valve prolapseheart problem resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart

          

  110. osteoarthritis-caused by mechanical stress and destruction of hyaline cartilage in the joints
    -many degrees of severity
    -degenerative arthritis

          

  111. Cardiac muscleA saddle joint allows movement back and forth and up and down, bot does not allow for rotation like a ball and socket joint.

          

  112. LATERALfurther from the midline

          

  113. tendonitisinflammation of a tendon

          

  114. brochodilatorrelaxes bronchial passageways

          

  115. kilocalariesequivalent to losing 1 lb of fat 3500cal

          

  116. FITTE (resistance training)-stress management
    -MET capacity
    -increased resting metabolism
    -osteoporosis prevention/management
    -injury prevention/rehab

          

  117. KYPHOSIS "primary curves"curves of the thoracic and sacral regions

          

  118. Risk stratifications (low)Cardiac, peripheral vascular, or cerebrovascular disease
    Chronic OPD, asthma, interstitial lung disease, or cystic fibrosis
    Diabetes type 1 or 2, thyroid disorders, renal, or liver disease

          

  119. percent fatCLOSER TO THE TRUNK

          

  120. major joint action for
    -quads
    -hams
    spinal rotation and lateral flexion

          

  121. consequences of physical inactivity-heart disease
    -stroke
    -diabetes
    -hypertension
    -obesity
    -depression/anxiety
    -certain cancers

          

  122. tricuspid valvelying face up

          

  123. flexibilityrefers to a joint's range of mobility (ROM)

          

  124. % of fat for increased riskmen- 22%
    women-32%

          

  125. concentricmuscle fibers creating cross bridges while returning to resting length while going with gravity R>F

          

  126. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation PNF(FITTE) Frequency, Intensity, Time/Duration, Type/Mode, Enjoyment

          

  127. venulesvisual learner:
    Auditory Learner
    Kinesthetic Learner

          

  128. Ellipsoid jointsEllipsoid joints are similar to a ball and socket joint. They allow the same type of movment to a lesser magnitude. The wrist is an ellipsoid joint.

          

  129. Work =Physical Activity Readiness identifies people who should not be tested in a field setting. Proceed with caution if a client answers yes to one or more questions. May require physician clearance

          

  130. 3rd class leverrange of motion; shovel, exbow flexion; we use this the most

          

  131. Symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and myocardial infaction (heart attack)a. stop exercise immediately and place person ina comfortable sitting or lying position, b. 911, monitor HR, and be prepared to begin CPR, c. Automated External Defibrillator AED may be used if cardiac arrest

          

  132. Blood Pressuresedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program

          

  133. RF for hypertensivebody mass of greater then or equal to 30kg/m2; waist girthgreater than 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women

          

  134. PROXIMALa blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body
    Radial: thumb side of forearm
    Brachial: groove formed b/w tricep and bicep
    Carotid: anterior portion of the neck

          

  135. Cartilaginous jointwhite fibrous tissue that cushions surfaces and prevents friction (cushions bones)

          

  136. SMART Goalsinflammation of a joint
    -flex training recommended

          

  137. Types of muscle tissuecardiac, smooth, and skeletal

          

  138. RF Sedentary minutes of activity, days of week, past # of monthsgreater than or equal to 100 mg/dL up to 126

          

  139. Left atriummovement around a longitudinal axis, either toward or away from the midline

          

  140. order of exercise assessmentsHRR = HRmax − HRrest

          

  141. EVERSIONturning the sole of the foot toward the midline

          

  142. INVERSIONmineral reservior, internal skeleton (levers)

          

  143. Right atriumthe lower part of the heart that receives oxygen-depleted blood from the right atrium and pumps it through the pulmonary valve into the lungs via the pulmonary artery.

          

  144. neuromuscular activationvol of air exchanged per minute

          

  145. RF Age men, women45 men, 55 women

          

  146. major joint action for
    -obliques
    knee extension
    knee flexion

          

  147. inferior/superiorfront/ back

          

  148. type IIA fibersslow twitch, slow oxidative and red twitch fibers (aerobic)

          

  149. Risk factor for Dyslipidemia LDLLgreater than 130 mg/dL

          

  150. Forceany interaction b/w 2 objects producing a change in magnitude or direction of motion

          

  151. asthmanarrowing of airways brought about by allergens and stressors
    -avoid outdoor exercise in cold and high pollen or pollution

          

  152. skeletal musclevoluntary and made up of striated fibers

          

  153. saddle jointvariable force w. accommodating speed

          

  154. internal/external rotationbelow/ above

          

  155. Stroke Volumerotary force

          

  156. Arthritisinflammation of a joint
    -flex training recommended

          

  157. medial/lateralcloser to midline/further from midline

          

  158. malpracticesmallest contractile unit of a muscle cell; composed of 2 types of muscle protein,
    -actin "thin filament", which contains troponin and tropomyosin
    -myosin "thick filament" : contains many cross bridges

          

  159. bulimia nervosaone side

          

  160. Par-QPhysical Activity Readiness identifies people who should not be tested in a field setting. Proceed with caution if a client answers yes to one or more questions. May require physician clearance

          

  161. Arterya blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body
    Radial: thumb side of forearm
    Brachial: groove formed b/w tricep and bicep
    Carotid: anterior portion of the neck

          

  162. gliding or plane jointIn a gliding or plane joint bones slide past each other. Midcarpal and midtarsal joints are gliding joints

          

  163. Risk stratifications (med)Men 45 or older
    Women 55 or older
    and Those who meet the threshold for two or more positive risk factor are considered moderate risk; can participate in moderate(40%-60%) but need prior medical testing for vigorous (>60% VO2R) exercise

          

  164. type IIBdecrease joint angle (elbow curl)

          

  165. Exercise Program Componentsconnective tissue that connects bone to bone

          

  166. Left ventriclethe lower part of the heart that receives oxygen-depleted blood from the right atrium and pumps it through the pulmonary valve into the lungs via the pulmonary artery.

          

  167. ANTERIOR (VENTRAL)toward the front

          

  168. POSTERIOR (DORSAL)the smallest arteries that connect with the capillaries which allow the exchange of blood and other nutrients with various tissue

          

  169. Commonly found abnormal curves in the sagittal planevol of air exchanged per minute

          

  170. proximal/distalboth sides

          

  171. humerusa blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body
    Radial: thumb side of forearm
    Brachial: groove formed b/w tricep and bicep
    Carotid: anterior portion of the neck

          

  172. female athlete triadamenorrhea, osteoporosis, and eating disorders; when left untreated they damage the musculoskeletal and reproductive systems

          

  173. eccentricanaerobic in nature. refered as fast glycolitic fibers

          

  174. Maximum Oxygen ConsumptionShould include appropriate cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal activity

          

  175. Arteriovenous Oxygen Difference45 men, 55 women

          

  176. Exerciseturning the sole of the foot away from the midline

          

  177. 3 site skinfold locations(men)chest, abs, thigh
    (women) triceps, suprailium, thigh

          

  178. Treatment for chest pain and heart attack symptomsa. stop exercise immediately and place person ina comfortable sitting or lying position, b. 911, monitor HR, and be prepared to begin CPR, c. Automated External Defibrillator AED may be used if cardiac arrest

          

  179. skinfold tricepsVertical fold
    Anterior midline of the thigh
    Midway between the proximal border of the patella (upper knee) and the inguinal crease (hip)

          

  180. torqueany interaction b/w 2 objects producing a change in magnitude or direction of motion

          

  181. extensionconnective tissue that connects muscles to bone

          

  182. 1st class leverrange of motion; shovel, exbow flexion; we use this the most

          

  183. FRONTAL PLANE60% = 17
    70%=12
    80%= 8
    90%=5
    100%=1

          

  184. 9 site skinfold locationsVertical fold
    Anterior midline of the thigh
    Midway between the proximal border of the patella (upper knee) and the inguinal crease (hip)

          

  185. flexionturning the sole of the foot away from the midline

          

  186. 5 components of Physical Fitnessa group of characteristics a person achieves/possesses related to physical activity and cardiorepiratory, muscle endurance, muscle strength, flexibility, body composition

          

  187. pronelying face down

          

  188. Hydration recommendations according to ACSMCardiac, peripheral vascular, or cerebrovascular disease
    Chronic OPD, asthma, interstitial lung disease, or cystic fibrosis
    Diabetes type 1 or 2, thyroid disorders, renal, or liver disease

          

  189. myofibrillaractin and myosin contractile proteins increase in number and add to muscular strength as well as a small increase in the size of the muscle

          

  190. Ipsilateralsame Side

          

  191. TRANSVERSE PLANEmakes a division into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions

          

  192. Heart Rate (HR)Right atrium
    Right ventricle
    Left atrium
    Left ventricle

          

  193. RF Dyslipidemia low HDLless than 40 mg/dL

          

  194. Contralateralmuscle fibers creating cross bridges while shortening in length against the pull of gravity F>R

          

  195. D.O.M.Sdelayed onset muscle soreness;muscle discomfort 24-36 hr after exercise

          

  196. Anaerobic Glycolysis/Lactic Acid System (anaerobic)25-30 seconds of high intesity work (spints, weight lifting)

          

  197. greater than or equal to 126 mg/dLFasting Blood Glucose for Diabetes diagnosis

          

  198. heart chambersprinciples of physics related to energy and force as they apply to the human body

          

  199. guidelines for losing weight500-1000 cal daily to lose 1-2 lbs. per wk; same to increase

          

  200. sarcoplasmicmuscle fibers creating cross bridges while returning to resting length while going with gravity R>F

          

  201. sliding filament theoryVertical fold
    Anterior midline of the thigh
    Midway between the proximal border of the patella (upper knee) and the inguinal crease (hip)

          

  202. Body Compositionrefers to th ratio of lean body mass compared to fat mass

          

  203. Ballistic Stretchinga series of quick but gentle bouncing or bobbing motions designed to stretch your muscles

          

  204. horizontal adductionMacrocycle: largest cycle
    Mesocycle: next largest (4 - 6 in yr)
    Microcycle: smallest cycles (1 - 4 wks)

    Linear v Non Linear
    Linear changes intensity every 4- 6 wks
    -hypertrophy (high vol,short rest)
    -Strength/power (reduced vol,increase load/rest)
    -Peaking (low vol/high load/rest)
    -Recovery (active rest)
    Non Linear changes every day within a 4- 6 wk period

          

  205. waist-hip ratiomakes a division into right and left portions

          

  206. dose responsesedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program

          

  207. horizontal abductionthe row

          

  208. major joint action for
    -latissimus dorsi
    -middle delt
    -shoulder adduction
    -shoulder abduction

          

  209. HYPERKYPHOSISmuscles involved in stabilizing, fixating or assisting at the joint

          

  210. tendonsinflammation of a tendon

          

  211. synergistsmuscles involved in stabilizing, fixating or assisting at the joint

          

  212. Karvonen formulaaka max heart rate reserve method;
    training HR = (max HR - resting HR) X target intensity (40/50-85%) + resting HR

          

  213. major joint action for
    -rotator cuff muscles
    spinal rotation and lateral flexion

          

  214. nicotinemay elevate HR,BP and respiratory response

          

  215. INFERIOR (CAUDAL)lower than, toward the feet

          

  216. Static stretchingactive: muscle is actively moved through ROM
    passive:muscle is actively moved through ROM by partner/device

          

  217. antihypertensive medssystolic greater than or equal to 140; diastolic greater then or equal to 90; confirmed by 2 separate occasions or on hypertension meds

          

  218. MEDIALlying face up

          

  219. Oxygen System (aerobic)fuels activities lasting more than 2-3 min. Capacity is limited only by oxygen and fuel avail. to the cell

          

  220. osteoarthritisinflammation of a tendon

          

  221. cardiorespiratorycardiac muscle tissue is involuntary, it is the tissue of the heart

          

  222. type 1 fibersanaerobic in nature. refered as fast glycolitic fibers

          

  223. overuse/chronic muscle and joint injurytendonitis, fasciitis, bursitis, osteoarthritis

          

  224. 2nd class leverwhite fibrous tissue that cushions surfaces and prevents friction (cushions bones)

          

  225. Physical ActivityMalpractice is a type of negligence committed by a professional and Negligence is failure to exercise due care

          

  226. 4 Major curvatures of the adult vertebral columnFasting Blood Glucose for Diabetes diagnosis

          

  227. smooth muscleinvoluntary muscle tissue that lines the arterial walls and organs of the body

          

  228. abduction/adductionscapula toward (add) and away from midline (abd)

          

  229. skinfold suprailiumDiagonal fold
    Anterior axillary line immediately superior to the iliac crest
    in line with the natural angle of the iliac crest taken

          

  230. Body composition testingrefers to th ratio of lean body mass compared to fat mass

          

  231. veinsfurther from the trunk

          

  232. USRDA food pyramid1. fat, oils & sweets: use sparingly
    2. milk, yogurt &cheese 2-3 servings;
    3. meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, nuts, eggs: 2-3 servings;
    4. fruits: 3-5 serv;
    5. veggies: 3-5 serv.
    6. bread, cereal, rice, & pasta: 6-11 serv

          

  233. body mass index BMIsedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program

          

  234. overweightexcessivly high amounts of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass

          

  235. DISTALfurther from the trunk

          

  236. major joint action for
    -mid trap
    -pec minor
    -spinal extension/flexion

          

  237. hyperextensionextension beyond normal degree of extension

          

  238. SAGITTAL PLANEmakes a division into right and left portions

          

  239. normal acute cardiorespiratory response to aerobic exercisehyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis

          

  240. muscle tissuemuscles involved in stabilizing, fixating or assisting at the joint

          

  241. skinfold absSocial: support systems
    Physical: physical/phyiological well-being
    Intellectual: Open to Learn
    Emotional:Coping Skills
    Spiritual:living in harmony

          

  242. What are the 3 parts of the sternum?amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and eating disorders; when left untreated they damage the musculoskeletal and reproductive systems

          

  243. Anaerobic Glycolysis-transformation of glucose to pyruvate when limited amounts of oxygen (O2) are available

    -glycolysis doesnt use oxygen and is considered anaerobic

    -The burning sensation in muscles during hard exercise can be attributed to the production of hydrogen ions which form lactic acid along with lactate

          

  244. lower respiratory systemHRR = HRmax − HRrest

          

  245. CIRCUMDUCTIONa combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction

          

  246. skinfold calfVertical fold
    maximum circumference of calf on the midline of medial border

          

  247. ATP-PC phosphagen system (anaerobic)1-2 min of high intensity work 400-800m distance sprint

          

  248. major joint action for
    -erector spinae
    -abs
    -spinal extension/flexion

          

  249. benefits of resistance training-stress management
    -MET capacity
    -increased resting metabolism
    -osteoporosis prevention/management
    -injury prevention/rehab

          

  250. skinfold Subscapularlower than, toward the feet