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249 Matching questions

  1. cartilage
  2. agonist
  3. 3rd class lever
  4. STERNUM
  5. Periodization
  6. skinfold thigh
  7. rheumatoid
  8. prone
  9. social learning theory
  10. 2 types of hypertrophy
  11. Dynamic Stretching
  12. proximal/distal
  13. 1st class lever
  14. RF for family history
  15. Maximum Oxygen Consumption
  16. anterior/posterior
  17. heart chambers
  18. lower respiratory system
  19. SUPERIOR (CRANIAL)
  20. Cartilaginous joint
  21. Ball and socket joint
  22. CIRCUMDUCTION
  23. Karvonen formula
  24. USRDA food pyramid
  25. 3 site skinfold locations
  26. 9 site skinfold locations
  27. Body composition testing
  28. Body Composition
  29. Right atrium
  30. Ipsilateral
  31. 2nd class lever
  32. exercise and pregnancy
  33. muscle endurance
  34. Exercise
  35. fasciitis
  36. vasodilator
  37. MEDIAL
  38. normal acute cardiorespiratory response to aerobic exercise
  39. pulmonary ventilation
  40. Cool Down Considerations
  41. venules
  42. Arteriovenous Oxygen Difference
  43. bursitis
  44. Cardiac muscle
  45. horizontal adduction
  46. Force
  47. atrophy
  48. neuromuscular activation
  49. HYPERLORDOSIS
  50. What are the 3 parts of the sternum?
  51. supine
  52. Types of muscle tissue
  53. # of kilocalories in one gram
  54. dose response
  55. anti-arrhythmic
  56. saddle joint
  57. ROTATION
  58. major joint action for
    -quads
    -hams
  59. muscle strength
  60. Treatment for chest pain and heart attack symptoms
  61. Risk factor for Dyslipidemia LDL
  62. cardiorespiratory
  63. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation PNF
  64. Oxygen System (aerobic)
  65. Initial treatment for Musculoskeletal injury for the first 24-72 hrs
  66. RF Dyslipidemia low HDL
  67. tendonitis
  68. ANTERIOR (VENTRAL)
  69. skinfold triceps
  70. FRONTAL PLANE
  71. Artery
  72. skinfold bicep
  73. skinfold suprailium
  74. major joint action for
    -rotator cuff muscles
  75. KYPHOSIS "primary curves"
  76. inferior/superior
  77. sarcoplasmic
  78. osteoarthritis
  79. Left ventricle
  80. major joint action for
    -biceps brachii
    -triceps brachii
  81. Synovial joints
  82. 3 min step test
  83. Pivot joints
  84. bilateral
  85. horizontal abduction
  86. D.O.M.S
  87. RF for Obesity
  88. order of exercise assessments
  89. flexion
  90. Contralateral
  91. major joint action for
    -latissimus dorsi
    -middle delt
  92. greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL
  93. Hydration recommendations according to ACSM
  94. female athlete triad
  95. Arthritis
  96. Heart Rate (HR)
  97. Signals of heat stroke
  98. Mitral valve prolapse
  99. Commonly found abnormal curve in the frontal plane
  100. metabolic syndrome
  101. EVERSION
  102. internal/external rotation
  103. hypoglycemic
  104. benefits of flexibility training
  105. gliding or plane joint
  106. 4 Major curvatures of the adult vertebral column
  107. Transtheoretical Model stages of change
  108. asthma
  109. ligaments
  110. skinfold chest/pec
  111. type 1 fibers
  112. major joint action for
    -mid trap
    -pec minor
  113. obesity
  114. veins
  115. overweight
  116. DISTAL
  117. antihypertensive meds
  118. caffine
  119. Right ventricle
  120. Ballistic Stretching
  121. major joint action for
    -obliques
  122. Left atrium
  123. overuse/chronic muscle and joint injury
  124. THREE CARDINAL BODY PLANES
  125. abduction/adduction
  126. benefits of resistance training
  127. SAGITTAL PLANE
  128. Principle of Specificity of Training
  129. mitral valve
  130. RF Dyslipidemia Total Cholesterol
  131. BIOMECHANICS
  132. Signals of heat exhaustion
  133. guidelines for losing weight
  134. Isokinetic
  135. Physical Activity
  136. major joint action for
    -gluteus maximus
    -Ilopsoas
  137. INVERSION
  138. the learning process
  139. RF for hypertensive
  140. joints
  141. Principle of Adaptation/Overload Training and Progression
  142. Par-Q
  143. Kinesiology
  144. HYPERKYPHOSIS
  145. major joint action for
    -gastrocnemius
    -tibialis anterior
  146. smooth muscle
  147. unilateral
  148. eccentric
  149. FITTE (resistance training)
  150. skinfold calf
  151. Cardio adaptations
  152. tricuspid valve
  153. kilocalaries
  154. SPIES
  155. hyperextension
  156. major joint action for
    -pec major
    -post deltoid
  157. Exercise Program Components
  158. sliding filament theory
  159. major joint action for
    -erector spinae
    -abs
  160. RF Sedentary minutes of activity, days of week, past # of months
  161. RF Age men, women
  162. psychotropic
  163. negligence
  164. TRANSVERSE PLANE
  165. LATERAL
  166. Symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and myocardial infaction (heart attack)
  167. beta-blocker
  168. muscle tissue
  169. Ellipsoid joints
  170. Fibrous joints
  171. antihistamine
  172. PROXIMAL
  173. percent fat
  174. SMART Goals
  175. POSTERIOR (DORSAL)
  176. Commonly found abnormal curves in the sagittal plane
  177. Sarcomere
  178. synergists
  179. testing preliminaries
  180. brochodilator
  181. regular physical activity can improve health and reduce health risks by...
  182. arterioles
  183. Risk stratifications (low)
  184. anti-anginal
  185. skeletal muscle
  186. extension
  187. informed consent
  188. anorexia nervosa
  189. Bones of the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum...
  190. type IIB
  191. 5 components of Physical Fitness
  192. Dietery Recommendations
  193. skinfold Subscapular
  194. lateral flexion
  195. Heart rate reserve
  196. 1RM table
  197. Risk stratifications (high)
  198. Work =
  199. Risk stratifications (med)
  200. torque
  201. alcohol
  202. skinfold midaxillary
  203. Arrhythmias
  204. consequences of physical inactivity
  205. Warm up Considerations
  206. isometric/static contraction
  207. waist-hip ratio
  208. VERTEBRAL COLUMN (SPINE)
  209. Bones
  210. high risk flexibility
  211. Static stretching
  212. Negative Risk Factor
  213. Blood Flow
  214. Anaerobic Glycolysis
  215. hypertrophy
  216. % of fat for increased risk
  217. rotator cuff muscles
  218. body mass index BMI
  219. LORDOSIS "secondary curves"
  220. antagonist
  221. upper respiratory system
  222. medial/lateral
  223. flexibility
  224. Blood Pressure
  225. skinfold abs
  226. humerus
  227. Cardiac Output
  228. type IIA fibers
  229. anatomical sites of pulse
  230. bulimia nervosa
  231. retraction/protraction
  232. active listening
  233. Direction of blood flow
  234. supination/ pronation
  235. ATP-PC phosphagen system (anaerobic)
  236. nicotine
  237. malpractice
  238. RF for cigarette smoking
  239. Isotonic/dynamic contraction
  240. tendons
  241. concentric
  242. Stroke Volume
  243. VAK
  244. lean body mass
  245. RF Prediabetes fasting blood glucose
  246. A.O.M.S
  247. Anaerobic Glycolysis/Lactic Acid System (anaerobic)
  248. myofibrillar
  249. INFERIOR (CAUDAL)
  1. a tendonitis, fasciitis, bursitis, osteoarthritis
  2. b have aerobic and anaerobic capabilities and refered to as intermediate fibers, continuum fibers, fast oxidative glycolitic fibers
  3. c -Supine position should be avoided after 1st trimester
    -low/mod intensity
    -non-ballistic
    -proper clothing and hydration to prevent overheating
  4. d the row
  5. e scapula toward (add) and away from midline (abd)
  6. f Cartilaginous joints are joints in which the bones are attached by cartilage. These joints allow for only a little movment, such as in the spine or ribs.
  7. g within 6 months
  8. h Diagonal fold
    1 to 2 cm below the inferior angle of the scapula
  9. i AXIAL SKELETON
  10. j lower than, toward the feet
  11. k Malpractice is a type of negligence committed by a professional and Negligence is failure to exercise due care
  12. l Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin, or between a tendon and bone
  13. m Enlargement of muscle
  14. n movement around a longitudinal axis, either toward or away from the midline
  15. o -transformation of glucose to pyruvate when limited amounts of oxygen (O2) are available

    -glycolysis doesnt use oxygen and is considered anaerobic

    -The burning sensation in muscles during hard exercise can be attributed to the production of hydrogen ions which form lactic acid along with lactate
  16. p makes a division into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
  17. q Hip Extension
    Hip Flexion
  18. r arterial pressure providing force for blood flow (systolic and diastolic pressure)
  19. s (RICES) rest (prevents further injury, ice (reduces pain, swelling, and initiates inflammatory response) compression (reduces swelling and bleeding) elevation (controls edema and decreases blood flow) stabilization (assists in muscle relaxation, diminishing spasm
  20. t rotational movement, results in the palm facing upward/downward
  21. u A ball and socket joint allows for radial movment in almost any direction. They are found in the hips and shoulders. (Like a door knob)
  22. v -shoulder abduction/ext rotation/int. rotation
  23. w exaggerated anterior lumbar curvature
  24. x abs
    tricep
    bicep
    chest
    midaxillary
    subscapular
    suprailium
    thigh
    calf
  25. y involuntary muscle tissue that lines the arterial walls and organs of the body
  26. z greater than 200 mg/dL
  27. aa may extend endurance in moderate aerobic exercise
  28. ab Frequency(2-3x a week),
    Intensity (2 to 4 sets of 8-12 reps w/ 2-3 mins b/w sets)
    Time no longer then 60 mins,
    Type (various resistance equipment),
    Enjoyment
  29. ac decrease in the mass of the muscle;Muscle atrophy results from a co-morbidity of several common diseases, including cancer, AIDS, congestive heart failure, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), renal failure, starvation
  30. ad chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints
  31. ae (men)chest, abs, thigh
    (women) triceps, suprailium, thigh
  32. af cardiac, smooth, and skeletal
  33. ag reduces resting and exercise heart rate and blood pressure
  34. ah 1. red, hot dry skin 2. rapid weak pulse, shallow breathing 3. changes in the level of consciousness 4. vomiting 5. body temp will be very high as high as 105
  35. ai primarly for balance;see saw, head on cervical vertebrea
  36. aj a. stop exercise immediately and place person ina comfortable sitting or lying position, b. 911, monitor HR, and be prepared to begin CPR, c. Automated External Defibrillator AED may be used if cardiac arrest
  37. ak Social: support systems
    Physical: physical/phyiological well-being
    Intellectual: Open to Learn
    Emotional:Coping Skills
    Spiritual:living in harmony
  38. al Skin Fold Caliper
    -Circumference (waist/hip)
    -Infra-red (x-ray)
    -BMI (mass(lb) x 703/ ((height(in))^2
    -bioelectrical Impedence
    -Hydro-static under water weighing
  39. am may elevate HR,BP and respiratory response
  40. an volume of sarcoplasmic fluid in the muscle cell increases with no accompanying increase in muscular strength
  41. ao Right atrium
    Right ventricle
    Left atrium
    Left ventricle
  42. ap 1. fat, oils & sweets: use sparingly
    2. milk, yogurt &cheese 2-3 servings;
    3. meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, nuts, eggs: 2-3 servings;
    4. fruits: 3-5 serv;
    5. veggies: 3-5 serv.
    6. bread, cereal, rice, & pasta: 6-11 serv
  43. aq have clients min. factors that influence heart rate including:
    -non prescription heart rate altering meds
    -caffeine
    -exercise
    -large meals
    -fatigue
    -test anxiety
  44. ar dehydrating-may impair exercise tolerance and increase risk of heart injury
  45. as movement done for improvement in one or more components of fitness
  46. at increased body weight, in relation to height when compared to some standard of acceptable or desirable weight
  47. au further from the trunk
  48. av muscle fibers creating cross bridges while returning to resting length while going with gravity R>F
  49. aw Physical Activity Readiness identifies people who should not be tested in a field setting. Proceed with caution if a client answers yes to one or more questions. May require physician clearance
  50. ax the events that occur b/w actin and myosin during muscle contraction and relaxation

    -when nerve impulse is received, the cross bridges of myosin will put the actin filaments towards the center of the sarcomere and tension is created
  51. ay heart problem resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
  52. az refers to a muscle's ability to perform repeated contractions or hold static contractions
  53. ba widens blood vessal
  54. bb nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx ...filters air
  55. bc reduces...
    -cardiovascular disease
    -risk of stroke
    -reduces high blood pressure
    -risk of colon cancer, lowers
    -cholesterol/triglycerides,
    -depression/anxiety/stress

    Increases...
    -lipoproteins
    -self-esteem
    -healthy body
  56. bd fat deposited in the abdom. area is more highly correlated to heart disease
  57. be 1.resting mesurements (BP/HR/Body Fat/height/weight)
    2.cardio test
    3.muscular endurance
    4.flex
  58. bf difference between oxygen content of arterial and venous blood
  59. bg turning the sole of the foot away from the midline
  60. bh diagonal fold
    half the distance b/w anterior axillary line and nipple (men)
    1/3rd the distance b/w anterior axillary line and nipple (women)
  61. bi the height to weight ratio can be misleading because it does not consider body type
  62. bj 1-2 min of high intensity work 400-800m distance sprint
  63. bk the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished.
  64. bl equivalent to losing 1 lb of fat 3500cal
  65. bm the total amount of weight that is measured as fat tissue
  66. bn small veins that drain blood from the capillaries and then join to form a vein
  67. bo delayed onset muscle soreness;muscle discomfort 24-36 hr after exercise
  68. bp a group of characteristics a person achieves/possesses related to physical activity and cardiorepiratory, muscle endurance, muscle strength, flexibility, body composition
  69. bq range of motion; shovel, exbow flexion; we use this the most
  70. br narrowing of airways brought about by allergens and stressors
    -avoid outdoor exercise in cold and high pollen or pollution
  71. bs principles of physics related to energy and force as they apply to the human body
  72. bt transverse plane rotation towards/away from midline
  73. bu 25-30 seconds of high intesity work (spints, weight lifting)
  74. bv highest rate and amount of oxygen achieved at maximal physical exertion
  75. bw voluntary and made up of striated fibers
  76. bx -reduces muscle tension
    -promotes relaxation
    -muscle contractions become easier/smoother
    -improves ease of movement
  77. by knee extension
    knee flexion
  78. bz CLOSER TO THE TRUNK
  79. ca approx. 3-6 ounces of water every 1-2 miles of the race
  80. cb slow twitch, slow oxidative and red twitch fibers (aerobic)
  81. cc In a gliding or plane joint bones slide past each other. Midcarpal and midtarsal joints are gliding joints
  82. cd standing toe touches, barre streches, hurdler strech, neck circles, yoga plough, knee hyperflexion
  83. ce midline of the chest
  84. cf excessivly high amounts of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass
  85. cg -shoulder adduction
    -shoulder abduction
  86. ch Hips/Waist (ex. 45" waist and 36" hips... 36/45=.8)
    ratios above .86 for women and .95 for men indicate abdominal adiposity
  87. ci amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and eating disorders; when left untreated they damage the musculoskeletal and reproductive systems
  88. cj curves of the cervical and lumbar region
  89. ck Carbs: 55%-60%
    Fat: 25%- 30%
    Protein: 10% - 15%
    6oz of grains (3oz of whole-grain), 2.5 cups veggies, 2 cups fruits, 3 cups milk
  90. cl carotid, brachial, radial, femoral
  91. cm lying face up
  92. cn vertical fold
    Midaxillary line at the level of the xiphoid process of the sternum
  93. co elevated HR, SV, Cardiac output, BP, Blood Flow, Arteriovenous oxygen difference, pulmonary ventilation and oxygen consumption
  94. cp Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Timely
  95. cq distribution of the cardiac output
  96. cr a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction
  97. cs where two bones meet (fulcrum and axis)
  98. ct inflammation of synovial membrane, which then cause the body to initiate autoimmune response
  99. cu Carbo= 4; fats=9; protein=4; alcohol=7
  100. cv Fibrous joints connect bones without allowing any movement. The bones of your skull and pelvis are held together by fibrous joints.
  101. cw the study of human movement
  102. cx stimulus for vol. physical activity initiates in the brain and is then transformed into a movement pattern
  103. cy fuels activities lasting more than 2-3 min. Capacity is limited only by oxygen and fuel avail. to the cell
  104. cz a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body
    Radial: thumb side of forearm
    Brachial: groove formed b/w tricep and bicep
    Carotid: anterior portion of the neck
  105. da lets person know there is a risk to exercise
  106. db relaxes bronchial passageways
  107. dc front/ back
  108. dd Vertical fold
    maximum circumference of calf on the midline of medial border
  109. de less than 40 mg/dL
  110. df toward the front
  111. dg opposite side
  112. dh manubrium, body, xiphoid process
  113. di -greater then normal demand is placed upon muscles,
    -to enhance the muscular fitness, the system must be progressively overloaded
    -tension required for strength gain is about 60% - 80% of 1RM
    -fleck and kraemer recommend 75 - 90%

    Progression involves increasing/changing one or more of the exercise training components to promote adaptations
  114. dj increase in joint angle
  115. dk Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
  116. dl cervical curve, thoracic curve, lumbar curve,
    sacral curve
  117. dm muscle fibers change length and joint angles; Work= force x distance; can concentric or eccentric
  118. dn inflammation of a joint
    -flex training recommended
  119. do the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern
  120. dp the psychologically addictive cycle of binging/purging
  121. dq Force x distance = work
  122. dr the amount of force a muscle can exert in a single all-out effort (1 Rep Mas/1RM)
  123. ds greater than or equal to 100 mg/dL up to 126
  124. dt men/women w/ 1 or less CVD; can participate in moderate(40%-60%) and vigorous (>60% VO2R) exercise w/o prior medical testing
  125. du -shoulder horizontal adduction
    -shoulder horizontal abduction
  126. dv myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization or sudden death to a 1st degree family member when >55 male, >65 female
  127. dw decrease in joint angle (spine side bend, love handles)
  128. dx lying face down
  129. dy opposing muscle to the prime mover
  130. dz systolic greater than or equal to 140; diastolic greater then or equal to 90; confirmed by 2 separate occasions or on hypertension meds
  131. ea (FITTE) Frequency, Intensity, Time/Duration, Type/Mode, Enjoyment
  132. eb Stretch muscle statically, contract and stretch muscle statically beyond initial static stretch
  133. ec makes a division into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions
  134. ed sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar
  135. ee closer to trunk/further from trunk
  136. ef primarly for power; wheel borrw, plater flexion during walking
  137. eg below/ above
  138. eh increases the capacity of the heart, lungs, and blood carrying vessels to deliver oxygen; also called aerobic fitness
  139. ei mineral reservior, internal skeleton (levers)
  140. ej -stress management
    -MET capacity
    -increased resting metabolism
    -osteoporosis prevention/management
    -injury prevention/rehab
  141. ek men- 22%
    women-32%
  142. el the disorder of self-induced starvation
  143. em The body adapts to specific exercise training stimulus with specific physical and physiological adaptations.
  144. en extension beyond normal degree of extension
  145. eo HDL greater than 60 mg/dL
  146. ep tension is created within the muscle fiber, but the fiber change length and there is no change in joint angle F=R
  147. eq vol of air exchanged per minute
  148. er -heart disease
    -stroke
    -diabetes
    -hypertension
    -obesity
    -depression/anxiety
    -certain cancers
  149. es vertical fold
    posterior midline of middle right arm, halfway b/w the acromion(shoulder) and olecranon(elbow) processes
  150. et elbow flexion
    elbow extension
  151. eu Pivot joints allow rotation arround an axis. The neck and forearms have pivot joints. In the neck the occipital bone spins over the top of the axis. In the forearms the radius and ulna twist arround each other.
  152. ev visual learner:
    Auditory Learner
    Kinesthetic Learner
  153. ew further from the midline
  154. ex aka max heart rate reserve method;
    training HR = (max HR - resting HR) X target intensity (40/50-85%) + resting HR
  155. ey the smallest arteries that connect with the capillaries which allow the exchange of blood and other nutrients with various tissue
  156. ez closer to midline/further from midline
  157. fa sedentary individuals will demonstrate significicant improvements in fitness early in training program
  158. fb exaggerated posterior thoracic curvature
  159. fc total # of times the heart contracts in one minute, increases with work-rate during exercise
  160. fd An arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart rate (pulse) or heart rhythm, such as beating too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly.
  161. fe Cardiac, peripheral vascular, or cerebrovascular disease
    Chronic OPD, asthma, interstitial lung disease, or cystic fibrosis
    Diabetes type 1 or 2, thyroid disorders, renal, or liver disease
  162. ff rotary force
  163. fg connective tissue that connects bone to bone
  164. fh Vertical fold
    Anterior midline of the thigh
    Midway between the proximal border of the patella (upper knee) and the inguinal crease (hip)
  165. fi Pre-contemplation: not ready to exercise
    Contemplation: thinking about behavior change
    Preparation:doing something related to exercise, but not meeting the guidelines
    Action: meeting set criteria of at least 6 months
    Maintenance: met criteria of 6 months, and continuing
  166. fj less than 30 min/day, 3 days/week, for at least 3 months
  167. fk decrease joint angle (elbow curl)
  168. fl cardiac muscle tissue is involuntary, it is the tissue of the heart
  169. fm 45 men, 55 women
  170. fn prevents system of allergic response
  171. fo one side
  172. fp muscles involved in stabilizing, fixating or assisting at the joint
  173. fq makes a division into right and left portions
  174. fr smallest contractile unit of a muscle cell; composed of 2 types of muscle protein,
    -actin "thin filament", which contains troponin and tropomyosin
    -myosin "thick filament" : contains many cross bridges
  175. fs Diagonal fold
    Anterior axillary line immediately superior to the iliac crest
    in line with the natural angle of the iliac crest taken
  176. ft any interaction b/w 2 objects producing a change in magnitude or direction of motion
  177. fu Appropriate cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal activity serving to enhance venous return and decrease the chance of postexercise hypotension during recovery
  178. fv variable force w. accommodating speed
  179. fw blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
  180. fx white fibrous tissue that cushions surfaces and prevents friction (cushions bones)
  181. fy sagittal plane, frontal plane, transverse plane
  182. fz inflammation of a tendon
  183. ga 500-1000 cal daily to lose 1-2 lbs. per wk; same to increase
  184. gb both sides
  185. gc same Side
  186. gd reduces angina/chest pain
  187. ge Macrocycle: largest cycle
    Mesocycle: next largest (4 - 6 in yr)
    Microcycle: smallest cycles (1 - 4 wks)

    Linear v Non Linear
    Linear changes intensity every 4- 6 wks
    -hypertrophy (high vol,short rest)
    -Strength/power (reduced vol,increase load/rest)
    -Peaking (low vol/high load/rest)
    -Recovery (active rest)
    Non Linear changes every day within a 4- 6 wk period
  188. gf Synovial joints allow for much more movement than cartilaginous joints. Cavaties between bones in synovial joints are filled with synovial fluid. This fluid helps lubricate and protect the bones. Bursa sacks contain the synovial fluid.
  189. gg vertical fold
    2cm right of belly button
  190. gh refers to a joint's range of mobility (ROM)
  191. gi muscle responsible for producing joint movement
    ex. bicep during curl
  192. gj Acute-onset muscle soreness; muscle fatigue and discomfort dimininishes when exercise stops
  193. gk cognitive phase:learn general skill concepts
    associative phase: practice and refine
    automatic phase: skill is developed and consistent
  194. gl not fat tissue: muscle, bone, skin etc
  195. gm -scapular retraction(add)
    -scapular protraction(abd)
  196. gn trachea, bronchi, bronchiloes, alveoli...puts oxygen into blood
  197. go Stretching that involves moving the joints through their full range of motion to mimic a movement used in a sport or exercise to increase joint flexibility, core temp and circulation
  198. gp located between the left atrium and left ventricle; prevents blood from flowing back into the LA after it has entered the LV
  199. gq 12" step
    96 bpm
    locate radial pulse first
    client steps up up down down for 3 mins @ 96bpm with no talking
    check pulse within 5 secs after test
  200. gr elastic tissue with contractile properties (pulley)
  201. gs Ellipsoid joints are similar to a ball and socket joint. They allow the same type of movment to a lesser magnitude. The wrist is an ellipsoid joint.
  202. gt situated between the right atrium and the right ventricle; controls the flow of blood from RA to RV
  203. gu -resting heart rate decreases by approx 10 - 15 bpm
    -SV increases both at rest and during exercise
    -Resting SBP/DBP may decrease (if prev elevated)
  204. gv amount of blood pumped from the left ventricle in one beat
  205. gw hyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis
  206. gx prevents/controls abnormal heart rhythms
  207. gy the lower part of the heart that receives oxygen-depleted blood from the right atrium and pumps it through the pulmonary valve into the lungs via the pulmonary artery.
  208. gz Lgreater than 130 mg/dL
  209. ha The Right Atrium, receives "used blood" from the body. Blood will be pushed through the tricuspid valve to the
    Right Ventricle, the chamber which will pump to the lungs through the pulmonic valve to the
    Pulmonary Arteries, providing blood to both lungs. Blood is circulated through the lungs where carbon dioxide is removed and oxygen added. It returns through the
    Pulmonary Veins, which empty into the
    Left Atrium, a chamber which will push the Mitral Valve open. Blood then passes into the
    Left Ventricle. As it pumps, the pressure will close the mitral valve and open the aortic valve, with blood passing through to the
    Aorta, where it will be delivered to the rest of the body.
  210. hb serves as the main axial support for the body
  211. hc scoliosis
  212. hd a. cool, moist pale, ashen, or flushed skin b. headache, nausea, dizziness, c. weakness, exhaustion d. heavy sweating e. body temp will be near normal
  213. he Fasting Blood Glucose for Diabetes diagnosis
  214. hf inflammation of the fascia; fascia is a connective tissue that surrounds muscles, groups of muscles, blood vessels, and nerves, binding those structures together in much the same manner as plastic wrap can be used to hold the contents of sandwiches together
  215. hg a. chest pain, b. pressure discomfort in the chest, c.left jaw, neck or shoulder-may radiate distally, d. shortness of breath and lightheadedness, e. back pain, which may be experienced by some women
  216. hh planter flexion
    dorsiflexion
  217. hi the upper part of the heart that receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs via the pulmonary veins and pumps it through the mitral valve into the left ventricle.
  218. hj vertical
    1 cm above mark of tricep on belly of bicep
  219. hk chest press
  220. hl closer to the midline
  221. hm anaerobic in nature. refered as fast glycolitic fibers
  222. hn affects behavior
  223. ho refers to th ratio of lean body mass compared to fat mass
  224. hp bodily (musculoskeletal movement leading to caloric expenditure
  225. hq the amount of blood pumped from the heart in one minute
  226. hr reduces blood sugar
  227. hs 60% = 17
    70%=12
    80%= 8
    90%=5
    100%=1
  228. ht muscle fibers creating cross bridges while shortening in length against the pull of gravity F>R
  229. hu turning the sole of the foot toward the midline
  230. hv HRR = HRmax − HRrest
  231. hw spinal rotation and lateral flexion
  232. hx Should include appropriate cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal activity
  233. hy the lower part of the that heart receives oxygen-rich blood from the left atrium and pumps it through the aortic valve to the entire body via the aorta, including to the heart muscle itself through the coronary arteries.
  234. hz The upper part of the heart that receives oxygen-depleted blood from the body via the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava and pumps it through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.
  235. ia connective tissue that connects muscles to bone
  236. ib -spinal extension/flexion
  237. ic a series of quick but gentle bouncing or bobbing motions designed to stretch your muscles
  238. id A saddle joint allows movement back and forth and up and down, bot does not allow for rotation like a ball and socket joint.
  239. ie toward the back
  240. if movement away/into from midline
  241. ig major bone of arm
  242. ih reduces high blood pressure
  243. ii above, toward the head
  244. ij Men 45 or older
    Women 55 or older
    and Those who meet the threshold for two or more positive risk factor are considered moderate risk; can participate in moderate(40%-60%) but need prior medical testing for vigorous (>60% VO2R) exercise
  245. ik actin and myosin contractile proteins increase in number and add to muscular strength as well as a small increase in the size of the muscle
  246. il active: muscle is actively moved through ROM
    passive:muscle is actively moved through ROM by partner/device
  247. im curves of the thoracic and sacral regions
  248. in SITS
    Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor, Subscapularis
  249. io body mass of greater then or equal to 30kg/m2; waist girthgreater than 102 cm for men and 88 cm for women