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  1. Antiarrhythmic medication
  2. Classification of Readiness: Good-Excellent
  3. Order of Fitness Assessment
  4. Vasodilator medication
  5. Hypoglycemic medication
  6. mod-intense aerobic exercise
  7. physical activity
  8. Flexibility
  9. Basic recommendations from ACSM and AHA: (healthy adults under age 65)
  10. Anti-Cholesterol medication
  11. Classifications of Readiness: Poor-Fair
  12. Principle of Specificity of Training
  13. Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE)
  14. Heart Rate Reserve (HRR)
  15. muscle endurance
  16. commonly used medications include
  17. Antihistamine medication
  18. Inactivity Physiology (A new paradigm)
  19. Submax Testing
  20. Cardiorespiratory fitness
  21. mod-intensity physical activity
  22. Training Heart Rate
  23. Oxygen Uptake Reserve (VO2R)
  24. Indications for Test Termination (low risk)
  25. Beta-Blockers
  26. Negative Risk Factors: Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor Thresholds
  27. Classification of Readiness: Fair-Average
  28. Explanation of the 3 min step test
  29. 3 Min Step Test
  30. Muscle strength
  31. Progression Phases: Improvement
  32. Bronchiodilators medication
  33. physical fitness
  34. Resting Heart Rate
  35. Antihypertensive medication
  36. Exercise
  37. Classification of Readiness: Average-Good
  38. adaptation
  39. Basic recommendations for ACSM and AHA:
    (healthy adults over age 65, or adults 50-64 with chronic conditions such as arthritis)
  40. Max Testing
  41. Maximal Heart Rate
  42. ACSM recommendations for cardio fitness
  43. Classifications of Readiness: Poor
  44. Recovery Heart Rate
  45. Body Composition
  46. Antianginal medication
  47. Principle of Adaptation/Overload
  48. Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factor Thresholds
  49. Progression Phases: Initial
  50. Progression Phases: Maintenance
  51. S.A.I.D.
  52. Psychotropic medication
  1. a reduces bp
  2. b chem. subst. that crosses the blood brain barrier and acts primarily upon the CNS where it affects brain fxn, resulting in changes in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, and behavior
  3. c lowers cholesterol
  4. d help lower bp
    -overall class of antihypertensive agents lower bp, although the mechanisms of action very greatly
  5. e subjective measure of exercise intensity
  6. f -onset angina
    -abnormal bp
    -shortness of breath
    -signs of poor perfusion (light headedness, confusion, cold or clammy hands)
    -failure of heart rate to increase w/ increased exercise intensity
    -noticeable change in heart rhythm
    -subject requests to stop
    -physical or verbal signs of severe fatigue
    -failure of the testing equipment
  7. g physiological changes which occur due to exercise
    -do not occur at a constant rate, there is a window of adaptation
    -window is smaller for trained individuals, larger for untrained individuals.
  8. h heart rate taken the first thing in the morning, at rest, averaged over 3 days
  9. i -12 inch bench, a metronome and a time keeping device
    -96bpm for 3 min
    -avoid talking or moving the arms
    -assess the client during the test
    -remind the client that can stop the test at any time
    -upon completion of test have the client sit and locate their pulse w/in 5 sec
    -keeping their arm below their heart, count their recovery heart rate for a full minute
    -consult the norms for their age and gender
  10. j -might require physician supervision
    -often require participants to reach max effort
    -typically used to diagnose
    Types of tests-diagnostic stress test- Bruce Test Protocol
    -Cooper 12 min max field test
    -1.5 max mile test
  11. k (4-6 weeks)
    -Frequency: 3-5 days a week
    -Intensity: 57-74%
    HRmax or 30-45% HRR
    -Duration: 20-90 min of continuous exercise or 10 min intermittent bouts with 5-10min increases every 1-2 weeks
  12. l -do mod intense cardio 30 min a day, 5 days a week or; do vig intense cardio 20 min a day, 3 days a week and; do 8-10 strength-training exercises, 8-12 reps of each exercise twice a week
  13. m Frequency: 3-5 days a week
    Intensity: 57(64)-94% HRmax
    30-(40)-85% (HRR or VO2R)
    Time: 20-90min; 90 min for weight management goals
    Type: based on client's goals, fitness level, personal preferences and availability of equipment
    Enjoyment: selected exercises should be enjoyable, otherwise participation may be poor
  14. n opens the bronchial tubes
    -help open the bronchial tubes of the lungs, allowing more air flow thro them.
  15. o the rate at which the heart recovers from exercise
  16. p High Serum HDL cholesterol: greater than 60mg/dL
  17. q Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands
    -training induced adaptation will be specific to the acute training variables (speed, volume, intensity, rest, energy, system used, etc)
  18. r capable of being bent repeatedly w/o injury or damage
  19. s lowers blood sugar levels
  20. t training intensity range for safety and effectiveness
  21. u a state of physiologic well-being that is achieved tho a combo of good diet, regular physical exercise, and other practices that promote good health
  22. v describes the component tissues of the body and is most often used to refer to the relative % of fat and fat free tissues
  23. w the difference btw max and resting oxygen uptake
  24. x working hard enough to raise your heart rate and break a sweat, yet still being able to carry on a conversation. It should be noted that to lose weight or maintain weight loss, 60-90 min of physical activity may be necessary. The 30 min recommendation is for the avg healthy adult to maintain health and reduce the risk for chronic disease
  25. y sporadic physical activity/no to suboptimal exercise/ moderately to mildly deconditioned
  26. z refers to the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single max effort
  27. aa review and reassess
  28. ab bodily exertion for the sake of developing and maintaining physical fitness
  29. ac counters angina pain
    -a drug used to treat angina pectoris, a symptom of ischemia heart disease
  30. ad minimal physical activity/no exercise/ moderately to high deconditioned
  31. ae -increasing stimulus on the body beyond its normal capacity causes an increase in the system's ability to respond to similar stimuli
    -incremental overload will result in tissue adaptation and remodeling
    -excessive overload can lead to overuse/acute injury
    -sustained absence of overload: Reversibility Principle
  32. af any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure
  33. ag -The purpose of the test: use recovery HR to estimate cardiovascular fitness level
    -The benefits of the test: use this info to design an appro. cardio program
    -The procedure: step up and down on a bench for 3 min
    -recovery heart rate will be measured immediately following the test
    ***Tell the client that they can stop the test at any time
  34. ah -do not require max effort
    -each test has a predetermined end point
    -used to estimate cardiovascular fitness
    -more appropriate for the gen pop.
    Types of tests -cycle ergometer test
    -treadmill test
    -3 min step test
  35. ai for treatment of allergic conditions
  36. aj heart rate at all out effort commonly estimated by subtracting age from 220
  37. ak caffeine, nicotine, alcohol...
  38. al means working hard at about a level -six intensity on a scale of 10. You should still be able to carry on a conversation during exercise. Older adults or adults with chronic conditions should develop an activity plan with a health professional to manage risks and take therapeutic needs into account. This will maximize the benefits of physical activity and ensure your safety.
  39. am habitual physical activity/regular mod to vig exercise
  40. an the diff between maximum and resting heart rate
  41. ao refers to the ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen to skeletal muscles during sustained p. a.
  42. ap relaxes smooth muscle in blood vessels, causes them to dialate
  43. aq Medical history, risk stratification and, informed consent
    -resting hr, bp, height, weight, BMI, and body comp
    -cardiovascular testing
    -muscular strength and endurance testing
    -flexibility testing
  44. ar sedentary/no habitual activity or exercise/extremely deconditioned
  45. as Positive Risk Factors: Age- Men greater than or equal to 45 years of age; Women greater than or equal to 55 years of age
    Family History- myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, or sudden death before 55 years of age in father or other male first degree relative (ie. brother or son), or before 65 years of age in mother or other female first degree relative (i.e. sister or daughter)
    Cigarette Smoking- current cigarette smoker or those who quit within the previous 6 months or exposure to enviro tobacco smoke
    Sedentary Lifestyle- not participating in at least 30 min of moderate intensity (40-60% VO2 ) physical activity on at least three days of the week for at least three months
    Obesity-body mass index of greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2, or waist girth of greater than 102 cm (40 inches) for men and greater than 88 cm (35 inches) for women
    Hypertension-systolic bp greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg and or diastolic greater than or equal to 90mmHg, confirmed by measurements on at least two separate occasions, or on antihypertensive medication
    Dyslipidemia- low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) greater than or equal to 130 mgdL-1 or high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) cholesterol less than 40 mgdL-1, or on lipid lowering medication. If total serum cholesterol is all that is available use greater than or equal to 200mg*dL-1 rather than low-density lipoprotein (LDL) greater than 130mg/dL-1
    Pre-diabetes- imparied fasting blood glucose greater than or equal to 100mg/dL-1 but less than 126 mg/dL or imparied glucose tolerance test (IGT) = 2 hours values in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) greater than or equal to 140mg/dL-1 but less than 200 mg/dL confirmed by measurements on at least two separate occasions
  46. at daily sitting time, independent of BMI, smoking, alcohol use and leisure time physical activity, was strongly related to cardiovascular and all cause mortality in a prospective 12 year study
  47. au (4-8 months)
    -Frequency: 3-5 times a week
    -Intensity: 74-94% of HRmax or 45-85% HRR
    -Duration: 20-90min
    -small increases every 2-3 weeks in frequency, intensity, time or type
  48. av -the body will adapt to specific training stimuli with specific physical and physiological adaptations
  49. aw high amounts of habitual activity/regular vigorous exercise
  50. ax -do mod. intense aerobic exercise 30 min a day, 5 days a week or; do vig. intense aerobic exercise 20 min a day, 3 days a week. And do 8-10 strength-training exercises, 10-15 reps of each exercise twice or three times a week. And if you are at risk of falling, perform balance exercises and have a physical activity plan
  51. ay supresses fast rhythms of the heart
  52. az one's ability to perform many reps w/ a sub-max resistance over a given period of time