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243 Multiple choice questions

  1. Forceful plantarflexion while the knee is extended
  2. Elastic force (when stretched)
  3. Highest rate of oxygen transport and use that can be achieved at maximal physical exertion
  4. 1. Abdominal
    2. Biceps
    3. Chest/Pectoral
    4. Medial Calf
    5. Midaxillary
    6. Subscapular
    7. Suprailiac
    8. Triceps
    9. Thigh
  5. Flexion
  6. Decrease the joint angle (anteriorly in the sagittal plane)
  7. Sternum, ribs, scapula, pelvis
  8. Inflammatory condition with pain caused by chronic pulling on the plantar fascia, or tight Achilles, or flat feet (hyperpronation)
  9. Diastolic blood pressure
  10. 1. Bronchi
    2. Bronchioles
    3. Alevoli
  11. Study of mechanics of human movement and specifically elevates muscles, joints, and skeletal structures in their movement
  12. 1. Flexor-extensor
    2. Internal-external rotator
    3. Abductor-adductor
  13. Posterior
  14. 1. Rotation in transverse plane
    2. Lateral tilt in frontal plane
    3. Anterior / Posterior tilt in sagittal plane
  15. Extension
  16. Elevation
  17. Cervical
  18. 7 - Cervical
    12 - Thoracic
    5 - Lumbar
  19. Inverts the foot
  20. Away from the midline of the body; to the side
  21. 1. Tibiofemoral
    2. Patellofoemoral
  22. Work (jump) = jumping force x height jumped. Power = Work (jump) / time
  23. Bone marrow
  24. Antagonist
  25. Neural muscular system
  26. LV
  27. Hyperkyphosis and Hyperlordosis
  28. On the same side
  29. 3.5x1000 = 3500/90.9 = 38.5 which is equivalent to 38.5/3.5 = 11.0 METS
  30. Metabolic Equivalent (MET) 3.5mL/kg.min
  31. Flexion
  32. Diaphysis
  33. 1. infraspinatus
    2. teres minor
  34. Product of Heart Rate (HR) x Stroke Volume = Q
  35. 1. Sagittal
    2. Frontal (coronal)
    3. Transverse (horizontal)
  36. Skull, hyhoid, vertebral column, sternum, ribs
  37. Distal segment remains closed in space (more often "closed pack" maximum tautness of joint capsule)
  38. Controls blood from RA to the RV
  39. Systolic blood pressure
  40. Lying face down
  41. Horizontal abduction
  42. Flexion
  43. 1. Intervertebral disc herniation
    2. Facet joint inflammation
    3. Muscular strains
    4. Ligamentous sprains
  44. Movement away from the midline of the body in the frontal plane (movement used to describe neck and trunk movements)
  45. Femur, humerus, ulna, radius,
  46. 1. Sliding-filament theory
    2. All-or-nothing principal
  47. Cartilage, Periosteum, and bone tissue
  48. Movement of the scapula away fro the spine in the frontal plane
  49. 1. Biceps brachii
    2. Brachialis
    3. Brachioradialis
  50. 100
  51. Specialized sensory receptors in the muscles and tendons sensitive to stretch, tension, and pressure
  52. SITS
  53. Horizontal adduction
  54. Knee
  55. Distal segment moves in space (more often "open pack" ligaments most loose)
  56. Lateral (vs Medial)
  57. Oblique to the angle of pull
  58. Amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle during a single contraction
  59. Movement of the scapula inferior in the frontal plane
  60. 1. Erector spinae
    2. Multifidus muscles
    3. Intrinsic rotators
  61. Adduction
  62. Rotation in the transverse plane away from the midline of the body
  63. Force x linear displacement
  64. Right or left rotation in the transverse plane (describes neck and trunk movement)
  65. Increases in prone or supine positions
  66. Flexion
  67. Proprioceptor that serves as a protective sensory system to prevent muscle injury resulting from over-contraction
  68. Movement away from the midline of the body (movement in frontal plane)
  69. 1. Deltoid
    2. Supraspinatus
  70. Load or resistance in the middle (Plantar Flex)
  71. 1. Abduction-adduction
    2. Horizontal abduction-adduction
    3. Flexion-extension and circumduction
    4. Internal-external rotation
  72. Abdominal, Biceps, Medial Calf, Midaxillary, Triceps, Thigh
  73. Smallest contractile unit of a muscle cell containing Actin (thin filament) and Myosin (thick filament)
  74. 1. Increased maximal SV
    2. Increased Cardiac Output Q
  75. Iliopsoas, pectinueus, rectus femoris
  76. Vertebral column, sacrum, coccyx
  77. Flexing hips and knees (e.g. flexed vs. straight knee situps)
  78. Cervical and Lumbar
  79. 1. Chest Wall
    2. Respiratory Muscles
    3. Pleural Space
  80. Combined movements of adduction / inversion resulting in raising of medial margin of the foot
  81. Intervertebral (connects adjacent bodies) and Zygapophysial (connects adjacent facets)
  82. Combined movements of abduction / eversion resulting in lowering of medial margin of the foot
  83. Bow legged
  84. Slow Twitch
  85. Anterior shoulder girdle
  86. 29
  87. 1. Distal femur
    2. Proximal Tibia
    3. Patella
  88. Abduction and adduction
  89. Extensibility, Elasticity, Excitability, and Contractility. Which are voluntary, which are involuntary?
  90. Both sides
  91. Study of motion and causes of motion of living things using a branch of physics known as mechanics
  92. Distal segment of a joint that deviates medially
  93. Hyperpronation
  94. 1. Triceps brachii
    2. Anconeus
  95. Stroke Volume (SV)
  96. Compression of neurovascular bundle. Experience weakness, pain, tingling/numbness in 4th and 5th digits of the hand.
  97. Tarsals, carpals
  98. A compound circular movement involving; flexion, extension, abduction, adduction...
  99. Hypertension
  100. 1. Cruciate (Anterior and Posterior)
    2. Collateral (Medial and Lateral)
  101. Hypersupination
  102. Postexercise metabolism elevated more for HIIT than other, it is the consumption of more than usual amounts of oxygen after exercise.
  103. Posterior shoulder girdle
  104. Distal segment of a joint that deviates laterally
  105. Pronation
  106. Synovial, hinge-type
  107. Extension
  108. Synergists
  109. Antagonist
  110. Right atrium (RA) and right ventricle (RV) - collecting deoxygenated blood and pumping through the lungs
  111. Abduction
  112. Fast Twitch
  113. 15-20%
  114. Toward the midline of the body
  115. Stretching, orthodics, physiotherapy modalities, and medication for inflammation
  116. How body systems react to stress of exercise
  117. Muscle attachment on the distal bone that moves more
  118. 1. Abduction-adduction
    2. Flexion-extension
  119. Lying face up
  120. One side
  121. Flexion
  122. 26
  123. 1. Ulnar (medial) collateral ligament
    2. Radial (lateral) collateral ligament
    3. Annular ligament
  124. "Negative" occurs when active muscle lengthened
  125. Active and Passive muscle force
  126. Median nerve entrapment at the anterior wrist
  127. Repeated valgus stresses on the arm
  128. On the opposite side
  129. support: soft tissue, protect internal organs, source of nutrients and blood constituents.
  130. 1 degree men, 1.6 degree women
  131. Supination
  132. Chest/pectoralis, Subscapular, Suprailiac
  133. External rotation
  134. Movement of the scapula toward the spine in the frontal plane
  135. 1. Bones
    2. Joints
    3. Muscles
  136. Movement of the scapula superior in the frontal plane
  137. 1. Biomechanics
    2. Musculoskeletal Anatomy
    3. Neuromuscular Physiology
  138. Leg length difference
  139. Parallel force (forearm) + Perpendicular force (Elbow)
  140. Controls blood from the LA and LV
  141. Excessive abduction, external rotation, or extension of the shoulder
  142. Plantar flexion
  143. Stiff hip or knee
  144. Medial meniscus (as compared to lateral)
  145. Prime mover or agonist
  146. Gliding motion
  147. Left atrium (LA) and left ventricle (LV) - collects blood from lungs and pumps to all parts of the body via arteries etc
  148. Lordosis
  149. Load (weight) x displacement x reps x sets
  150. Knee-knocked
  151. Superior and lateral movements of the inferior angle of the scapula in the frontal plane
  152. Rotation in the transverse plane toward the midline of the body
  153. Test for diabetes such that fat is being used for energy b/c not enough insulin is available to use necessary glucose
  154. 220-age in years
  155. Hinge joints
  156. Diagonal movement of thumb across palm to make contact with 5th digit
  157. 1. pec major
    2. subscapularis
    3. coracobrachialis
    4. biceps brachii
  158. Internal rotation
  159. Dense cords of connective tissue anchoring muscle to periosteum of bone
  160. Scoliosis
  161. Gluteus (maximum, medius, minimus), 6 lateral rotators, hamstrings
  162. Retraction
  163. Extension
  164. Isotonic
  165. Inferior and medial movement of the inferior angle of the scapula in the frontal plane
  166. 1. Superficial posterior
    2. Gastrocnemius
    3. Soleus
    4. Plantaris
  167. Adducting the ankle
  168. Axial loading of the palm during a fall
  169. Muscle imbalance
  170. 1. Attachments for ligaments/tendons
    2. Bone growth
    3. Repair
    4. Nutrition
  171. Isometric
  172. Dorsiflextion and Plantarflextion in the sagittal plane
  173. Flexing ankle, foot moves anteriorly in the sagittal plane
  174. Fusiform (spindle), Longitudinal (straplike), Quadrate (four-sided flat), Fan-shape/Triangular (radiate - Pec major e.g.)
  175. Moment arm changes with location on circumference
  176. Maintain Posture and stabilize the spine
  177. Consists of the motor neuron and the muscle fibers it innervates
  178. Anterior knee muscles used to extend the knee joint
  179. Cramping in lower leg during walking or exercising caused by blocked arteries
  180. Number of times heart beats per minute
  181. 1. Flexion-extension
    2. Lateral flexion
    3. Rotation
  182. Epiphysis
  183. Extension
  184. Thin filament of the smallest contractile unit of a muscle cell, Actin contains both Troponin and Tropomyosin
  185. (1) Fibrous(skull, tibia, fibula, tibiofibular), (2)Cartilaginous (sternum and rib), (3)Synovial (Hinge, Ellipsoidal, Saddle, Ball/Socket, Pivot, Plane)
  186. Difference between oxygen content of arterial blood and the oxygen content of the venous blood
  187. Inversion (rolling of the ankle)
  188. Adduction of the wrist in the frontal plane
  189. Volume of air exchanged in 1 minute (avg 6 L/min resting - male)
  190. M(biceps) = F(perpendic) x distance of attachment of the bicep to the center of rotation
  191. Abdominal
  192. Hypermobile and Hypomobile
  193. Patella
  194. "Screwing Home"
  195. 85-90%
  196. Extension
  197. 1. Compact (dense)
    2. Cancellous (spongy)
  198. Rotational moment x angle of rotational ROM
  199. Everts the foot
  200. Thoracic and Sacral
  201. Movement away from the midline of the body in the transverse plane (horizontal humerus movement during shoulder flexion at 90)
  202. 1. Abduction - adduction
    2. Flexion - extension
    3. Internal- external rotation
  203. 1. Latissimus dorsi
    2. Teres Major
    3. Long head of the tricep brachii
  204. Periosteum
  205. 1. Arthritis
    2. Bursitis
    3. Tendonitis
  206. Ellipsoidal
  207. Posterior knee and composed of the bicep femoris containing a long head and a short head
  208. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) as compared to posterior
  209. Fulcrum in the middle (Neck Extension)
  210. Increase the joint angle (posteriorly in the sagittal plane)
  211. Flexion and Extension of the digits
  212. Extending the ankle, foot moves posteriorly in the sagittal plane
  213. Delays electrical signals by 0.12 seconds
  214. Epiphyseal plate (immature bones this is the growth plate)
  215. Product of the amount of blood pumped (Cardiac Output) and Resistance of flow in the vessel
  216. 60-80% of muscle's maximum force; however, 75-90% (1RM) is recommended
  217. 1. Genohumeral (shoulder)
    2. Acromioclavicular
    3. Sternoclavicular
    4. Scapulothoracic
  218. Inadequate dorsiflexion
  219. 1. Ligaments
    2. Muscles and tendons
    3. Fascia
    4. Atmospheric pressure
    5. Joint Bony Structure
  220. Work performed against resistance = strength gained benefits the execution of daily life/movements associated with sports
  221. Inversion and Eversion in the frontal plane
  222. Metaphysis
  223. Movement toward the midline of the body (movement in the frontal plane)
  224. Work (lift) = lifting force (weight) x displacement(3ft). Power = Work (lift) / time
  225. 1. Humerus
    2. Scapula
    3. Clavicle
  226. Protraction
  227. Compound Trunk Extension (Lumbopelvic Rhythm)
  228. An imbalance often exists Anterior > Posterior. Swimmer's or Thrower's shoulder
  229. Injury protection gait
  230. Abduction of the wrist in the frontal plane
  231. Synergists
  232. Sinoatrial (SA) node originates electrical signals
  233. Remodeling of proteins within the muscle cell and most results from resistance training
  234. 1. Nose
    2. Sinus
    3. Pharynx
    4. Larynx
  235. Response to stretch of a muscle in which through reflex action, initiate stronger muscle action to reduce stretch
  236. Speed of movement is controlled. Advantage to maximal muscle tension throughout ROM
  237. Effort force in the middle (Elbow Flexion)
  238. Simultaneous injury of the ACL, MCL and medial meniscus
  239. Nervous system
  240. Kyphosis
  241. Abducting the ankle
  242. Eccentric overload of forearm extensor muscles
  243. 1. Enclosed by fibrous joint capsule
    2. Joint capsule encloses joint cavity
    3. Joint cavity is lined with synovial membrane
    4. Synovial fluid occupies the joint cavity